CHC in the Press: ‘They Gave Us Our Child Back.’ How Nonpublic Schools Serve the Education System’s Neediest Students
For students with mental health challenges so severe that they become insurmountable barriers to learning and functioning, nonpublic schools can be life-saving.
Nonpublic schools function as extensions of public districts, but offer smaller, specialized environments designed specifically to support struggling students, rather than fitting them into the sometimes limiting structure of a traditional school.
These are students on the moderate to severe end of the autism spectrum, including some who are nonverbal and rely on assistive technology to communicate. Others have emotional disturbances, depression, anxiety or disabilities that have become insurmountable barriers to their learning. Many of their disabilities manifested in extreme behavior at traditional schools — acting out, biting, harming one’s self or others, refusing to go to school all together — that made it near impossible for them to exercise their right to a public education.
After exhausting all options at a public school, districts can refer students to nonpublic schools. The district must pay in full for the placement, which is meant to be temporary but can last several years, including transportation to farther-flung schools. Federal law requires public schools to provide students with disabilities free and appropriate public education, or FAPE, even if that “appropriate” public education program is not available within their schools.
“We joke that EBC is not the school that when your child is born you hope that they get into but you are really happy it exists,” said Kira Sabot, whose son attends the Esther B. Clark (EBC) School, a nonpublic school at the Children’s Health Council in Palo Alto. “It’s like they gave us our child back.”
When Kira Sabot’s 13-year-old son, Inshan Thomas, arrived at the Esther B. Clark School three years ago, he was emotionally dysregulated, suicidal and struggling academically. He had been diagnosed with anxiety, depression, a mood disorder and slow processing speed. He would spend more time in the office at his San Carlos public charter school than in class. On two occasions in fifth grade, he was restrained for extended periods of time, Sabot said.
After fighting with his school to provide adequate services, the family eventually turned to legal action and won a placement at Esther B. Clark through a settlement agreement. The first time Sabot toured the Palo Alto nonpublic school, which she found through her own research, she became convinced it was the best option for her son.
“It felt like these people get it. For the first time, after I have been told that I’m the problem, my child is the problem, for years, it was like, ‘This is where he needs to be,'” she said.
Esther B. Clark serves students who are considered emotionally disturbed or have other health impairments that adversely affect their ability to learn. Students have diagnoses such as depression, anxiety, attention deficit disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation and oppositional defiant disorder. They may have been chronically truant and are at risk for being placed out of their home due to the severity of their social or emotional challenges.
Many students arrive at the school’s doors so emotionally unregulated that the school focuses only on stabilizing their mental health for the first few weeks before introducing academics. There is no homework for the first 30 days after a student enrolls.
“It allows for us to be way more flexible here than you would be able to be in a public school setting where they have specific content that they need to be delivering,” said Head of School Jody Miller. “We just don’t have those same pressures here.” (Students who have completed a year there are required to take the state’s annual standardized test, but the school doesn’t focus on the results.)
A therapeutic approach — seeing the students’ emotional volatility as a symptom of underlying mental health challenges that must be treated — is woven into the structure of the school.
Students meet weekly with therapists whose offices are across the hall from classrooms to work on coping and communication skills, changing unhealthy behavior patterns and building self-confidence. (Parents are also required to attend weekly therapy.) Weekly group and art therapy is meant to teach sometimes rigid and isolated students teamwork, flexibility, empathy and problem solving.
Each of the school’s seven classrooms is staffed by a special education teacher, classroom assistant, licensed therapist and behavioral specialist. Classes are kept small, with fewer than 12 students. A student support counselor trained in de-escalation techniques is always on campus in case of a crisis. A schoolwide scoring system reinforces positive behavior through daily feedback between teachers, students and their parents.
The school focuses on building relationships with students for whom connection at school has proved difficult in the past.
“We know the root of the issue is not the behavior. It is the mental health challenge that the student is having,” Miller said. “If we can help to repair that to give them skills, then those behaviors dissolve.”
Inshan said he feels more heard at the Esther B. Clark School than at his public school, where he felt dismissed by staff and was bullied by peers. At the nonpublic school, academic and behavioral missteps have become a chance to ask for help rather than be punished, he said.
“They actually help. They say, ‘If you don’t understand something, then ask,'” the eighth grader said.
He still doesn’t like going to school, he said, but Esther B. Clark has made it easier to overcome that hurdle.
Over three years Sabot has watched her son’s mental health improve to the point that he’s able to sit through 50-minute class periods, earn and B’s and participate in PE.
“He feels confident, not all the time of course because he’s still a work in progress, but he’s comfortable there. He’s comfortable in his own skin and while he’s always going to be a kid that is glass-half-empty,” in terms of his attitude, she said, “he smiles.”